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Actors, Tools & Procedures

Actors

Workers are represented through the ETUC and European employers through BusinessEurope (former UNICE), UEAPME and CEEP:

Procedures

The European Social Partners have to be consulted on Union initiatives in the social field. This consultation takes place in several stages. If the social partners decide to negotiate on a proposed subject, this can lead to the signing of framework agreements, which may be implemented in two different ways.

Tools

The European social partners have used a wide variety of tools in recent years. Below may be found an overview of the different tools and their functions.