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Slovenia  Slovenia

Key Facts

Population2,055,496
Collective Bargaining Coverage 90%
Proportion of Employees in Unions 27%
Principal Level of Collective Bargaining

industry

Workplace Representation

union and works council

Board-level Representation

yes: state-owned and private companies

Company Board Structure

monistic or dualistic (choice)

Sources: see individual country sections; where a range of figures has been quoted, the lower number has been taken

Trade Unions

The proportion of employees in trade unions is relatively high in Slovenia, at between 25% and 30%. The union structure is fragmented, with seven separate union confederations, although one of them, ZSSS, is clearly dominant.

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Collective Bargaining

Almost all employees have been covered by collective bargaining in Slovenia – partly a result of the past position where the employers’ side included chambers of commerce and industry, to which all employers had to belong. Negotiations take place at industry and company level, and at national level in the public sector.

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Workplace Representation

Workplace level representation in Slovenia is provided by both the union in the workplace and the works council. Both have information and consultation rights, although the works council’s are more extensive, while only the union can undertake collective bargaining.

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Board-level Representation

There is employee representation at board level in larger Slovenian companies. Employee representatives have between a third and a half of the seats on the supervisory board of Slovenian companies with a two-tier structure. In companies with a single board they have at least a third.

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European-level Representation

Slovenian representatives on bodies relating to European Works Councils and the European Company are generally elected by a meeting of all employees. The exception is board level representation in the European company, where they are chosen by the SE representative body, in line with national practice for the choice of employee board level representation in Slovenian companies.

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Health and Safety Representation

Health and safety representation in Slovenia is primarily provided through the works council, which can be set up in any company with more than 20 employees. Only if there is no works council is a health and safety representative elected.

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Financial Participation

Slovenia has a long tradition of employee involvement which started with employee self-management in the 1950s. This tradition of employee participation, including both financial and decision-making participation, was continued during the transition period from the 1990’s onwards and led to a relatively high incidence of employee share ownership in Slovenia, compared to other EU28 countries, though it has been on the decline since the end of privatization.

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