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Romania  Romania

Key Facts

Population21,355,849
Collective Bargaining Coverage 36%
Proportion of Employees in Unions 33%
Principal Level of Collective Bargaining

industry and company

Workplace Representation

union – other employee representation possible but rare

Board-level Representation

no

Company Board Structure

monistic

Sources: see individual country sections; where a range of figures has been quoted, the lower number has been taken

Trade Unions

Union density is relatively high in Romania with between a third and a half of all employees in unions, although the figures are very uncertain. The structures are fragmented, with five separate confederations, CNSLR-Frăţia, BNS, CSDR, CNS Cartel Alfa and Meridian, each with a substantial number of affiliated federations.

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Collective Bargaining

The system has been fundamentally changes by legislation passed in 2011 and collective bargaining at national level, which previously set minimum pay and conditions for the whole economy, has been abolished. There are also new rules for bargaining at industry and company level, which has weakened the position of unions.

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Workplace Representation

Employee representation at the workplace is through the unions, although legislation does provide for employee representatives to be elected if there are no union members. Workplace union structures potentially play a key role in collective bargaining but they also have significant consultation rights.

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Board-level Representation

Employee representatives have no right to be board members in Romania, although they can attend board meetings for some items.

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European-level Representation

Romanian members of European bodies linked with European Works Councils and the European Company are chosen by the existing employee representatives, who, in the vast majority of cases, will be the trade union representatives at company level.

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Health and Safety Representation

Romania has a system of specially elected health and safety representatives, who should be present in all organisations with at least 10 employees. In larger organisations (50 or more employees) a joint health and safety committee should be established. This has a wide range of duties, although the employer is not obliged to accept its decisions.

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Financial Participation

In the context of the privatization process which took place after 1990, 30% of the shares of Romanian commercial companies were transferred to the Romanian workforce. Many of those who received shares sold them in the following years, so that the proportion of shares in employees’ hands has fallen significantly.

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