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Board-level Representation

Employees have a third of the seats on the supervisory board of state-owned companies. The right also to have seats on the boards of many privately owned companies has now been removed.

In state-owned companies, irrespective of size, one third of the supervisory board are employees of the company, elected by the workforce. The electoral regulations are established by the management in agreement with trade unions, if any. (The role of the supervisory board is to oversee the management board, which runs the business on a day-to-day basis.)


Until January 2014, employees in privately owned public limited companies (a.s.) had the right to elect one third of the members of the supervisory board, provided there were at least 50 employees. However, legislation, adopted in March 2012, removed this right, affecting some 2,800 companies. 1 Privately owned companies can still voluntarily agree to employee representation at board level, and some may choose to continue with it. However, the obligation to have employee representatives on the supervisory boards of these companies has gone, although existing employee representatives on supervisory boards continue in post until their term of office expires.

L. Fulton (2015) Worker representation in Europe. Labour Research Department and ETUI. Produced with the assistance of the SEEurope Network, online publication available at http://www.worker-participation.eu/National-Industrial-Relations.