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Board-level Representation

There is no overall right to employee board-level representation. However, there are a small number of employees on the boards of some public companies.



There is no general statutory right for workers to have representation at board level. However, a national agreement signed in 1986, provides either for minority union representation on the boards of public sector companies with more than 1,000 employees or for the establishment of monitoring and information committees with equal representation of the unions and employers.


In the case of representation at board level, the two most representative unions, in effect CCOO and the UGT, can nominate one member each. A similar agreement, specifically for publicly-owned companies in the metal sector with at least 500 employees, was signed in 1993. In practice currently relatively few public sector companies have union representatives at board level. Legislation passed in 2006 provided for the two major union confederations to have one representative each on the board of the Spanish state TV and radio company RTVE.


In the past, employee representatives had a clearly established right to be present on the boards of local mutual savings banks (cajas de ahorros). However, the situation has been left much less clear following 2013 legislation, which did not restate these rights. In any case, the restructuring of the sector, following Spain’s banking crisis, means that these local mutual savings banks have largely ceased to exist.

L. Fulton (2015) Worker representation in Europe. Labour Research Department and ETUI. Produced with the assistance of the SEEurope Network, online publication available at http://www.worker-participation.eu/National-Industrial-Relations.