|Collective Bargaining Coverage||36%|
|Proportion of Employees in Unions||33%|
|Principal Level of Collective Bargaining||
industry and company
union – other employee representation possible but rare
|Company Board Structure||
Sources: see individual country sections; where a range of figures has been quoted, the lower number has been taken
Union density is relatively high in Romania with between a third and a half of all employees in unions, although the figures are very uncertain. The structures are fragmented, with five separate confederations, CNSLR-Frăţia, BNS, CSDR, CNS Cartel Alfa and Meridian, each with a substantial number of affiliated federations.more ...
The system has been fundamentally changes by legislation passed in 2011 and collective bargaining at national level, which previously set minimum pay and conditions for the whole economy, has been abolished. There are also new rules for bargaining at industry and company level, which has weakened the position of unions.more ...
Employee representation at the workplace is through the unions, although legislation does provide for employee representatives to be elected if there are no union members. Workplace union structures potentially play a key role in collective bargaining but they also have significant consultation rights.more ...
Romania has a system of specially elected health and safety representatives, who should be present in all organisations with at least 10 employees. In larger organisations (50 or more employees) a joint health and safety committee should be established. This has a wide range of duties, although the employer is not obliged to accept its decisions.more ...
In the context of the privatization process which took place after 1990, 30% of the shares of Romanian commercial companies were transferred to the Romanian workforce. Many of those who received shares sold them in the following years, so that the proportion of shares in employees’ hands has fallen significantly.more ...