|Collective Bargaining Coverage||30%|
|Proportion of Employees in Unions||20%|
|Principal Level of Collective Bargaining||
union – but law also provides for the election of other representatives
|Company Board Structure||
monistic or dualistic (choice)
Sources: see individual country sections; where a range of figures has been quoted, the lower number has been taken
Around 20% of Bulgaria’s employees are union members. There are two main union confederations. The larger of the two is KNSB, which emerged from the reformed official trade union movement of the communist period, while Podkrepa came out of the opposition movement. Despite this, they now work together reasonably well.more ...
There is no universal structure for employee representation in the workplace in Bulgaria. In many cases the local union is the key body, although the law also provides for the election of other representatives. Employees are also able to elect additional representatives for information and consultation but they can also choose to pass these rights to the existing union organisation or existing employee representatives.more ...
In most cases Bulgarian members of bodies linked to European Works Councils and the European Company are elected by a general meeting of the employees, or a meeting of employee delegates, where a general meeting is not possible. But the general meeting or meeting of delegates can choose to transfer the choice either to the union or to existing employee representatives. In the case of employee representatives on a European Company board, the legislation is less precise.more ...
Employee representation on health and safety issues is primarily provided through the employees elected as members of the joint employee/management health and safety bodies, known as working conditions committees and groups, which should be set up in Bulgarian companies. As well as participating in these bodies, employee representatives have specific rights and can appeal to the national inspectorate in cases where the employer is not ensuring safe working conditions.more ...
Employee financial participation in Bulgaria is largely a result of the privatization process started in 1990 and its development thereafter. The most important forms of employee financial participation emerged in the course of the mass privatization and the so-called ‘MEBO privatization’ processes. Profit-sharing schemes, as one form of financial participation, are quite rare in practice. Cooperatives, traditionally very strong in Bulgaria, currently represent just 1% of all registered companies.more ...