|Collective Bargaining Coverage||96%|
|Proportion of Employees in Unions||50%|
|Principal Level of Collective Bargaining||
national (sets framework)
union and works council (union dominates)
|Company Board Structure||
Sources: see individual country sections; where a range of figures has been quoted, the lower number has been taken
Trade unions in Belgium are divided between competing confederations, which have clear political traditions. The two largest CSC/ACV and the FGTB/ABVV are linked to the christian and socialist movements respectively, while the smaller CGSLB/ACLVB is linked to the liberals. Despite this the unions are able to co-operate and around half the workforce is unionised – with union membership growing.more ...
A national agreement sets the key elements of pay and conditions every two years and this agreement itself is tightly constrained by legislation limiting pay increases to forecast pay costs in Belgium’s neighbours. With automatic pay indexation linked to inflation, negotiators have only limited room for manoeuvre.more ...
Belgium has structures at workplace level representing both all employees and trade unionists, but, with only trade unions able to nominate to the works council, the key body is the union delegation. It is the union delegation which negotiates key issues with management, although the works council has extensive information and consultation rights. The it works council also has decision-making powers in some areas.more ...
Employee representation on health and safety matters is provided by the employee members of the joint health and safety committee. They are elected by all employees on the basis of nominations from the unions, and the powers of the health and safety committees are extensive and defined in detail in Belgian legislation.more ...