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References - Employee participation and corporate governance

An overview on transversal and national studies on employee participation at board level and corporate governance.

1. Transversal studies

Bedrač J. (2006) “What makes a good company? Employee interest representation in European company law: reflections and legal provisions”, ETUI-REHS Research department Report No. 94, available online here

Blanpain R. (1992) “Introductory Remarks on a Comparative Overview”, Bulletin of Comparative Labour Relations n°23, Special Issue “Workers’ Participation: Influence on Management Decision – Making by Labour in the Private Sector”, pp. 1-18

Bonanno J. B. (1977) “Employee codetermination: origins in Germany, present practice in Europe, and applicability to the United States”, Harvard Journal on Legislation, Vol. 14, pp. 947-1012

Büggel A. (2010) “Gesellschafts- und Mitbestimmungsrecht in den Ländern der Europäischen Gemeinschaft“, Arbeitshilfen für Aufsichtsäte No. 11, available online here.

Calvo J., Vigneau C., Belopavlovic N., Rodriguez Contreras R., Fulton L. (2008) Employee representatives in an enlarged Europe, vol. 1 & 2, Luxembourg: Office for official publications of the European Communities, available online: Volume I and Volume 2

Carley M. (2005) “Board-level employee representatives in nine countries: a snapshot”, Transfer, Vol. 11 No. 2, pp. 231-243

Carley M. (1998) “Board-level employee representation in Europe”, Transfer, Vol. 4 No. 2, pp. 281-296

Carley M. (1990) “Employee participation in Europe. Works councils, worker directors and other forms of participation in 15 European countries”, European industrial relations review, report No. 4

Charny D. (1999) “Workers and corporate governance: the role of political culture”, in Blair M., Roe M., Employees and Corporate Governance, Washington D.C.: Brookings Institution Press, pp. 91-120

Conchon A. (2013) Workers’ voice in corporate governance. A European perspective, London: TUC, available online here.

Conchon A. (2012) “Are employee participation rights under pressure? Trends at national and EU level”, ETUI Policy Brief No. 7, available online here.

Conchon A. (2011) Board-level employee representation rights in Europe. Facts and trends, Brussels: ETUI report No. 121, available online here.

Conchon A. and Waddington J. (2011) “Board-level employee representation in Europe: Challenging commonplace prejudices”, in Vitols S. and Kluge N. (eds.) The Sustainable Company: a new approach to corporate governance, Brussels, ETUI, pp. 91-111, available online here.

ETUI-REHS, Hans Böckler Foundation (eds.) (2004) Workers’ participation at board-level in the EU-15 countries. Reports on the national systems and practices, Brussels: ETUI-REHS, available online here

ETUI-REHS, SDA (eds.) (2005) Worker Board-Level Representation in the New EU Member States: Country Reports on the National Systems and Practices, Brussels: ETUI-REHS-SDA, available online here.

EIRR (eds.) (1991) “Survey of board-level employee representation”, European Industrial Relations Review, No. 205, pp. 20-26

Fulton L. (2015) Worker Representation in Europe, Brussels: ETUI and Labour Research Department, online publication available at www.worker-participation.eu

Fulton L. (ed.) (2006) The Forgotten Resource: Corporate Governance and Employee Board-Level Representation. The Situation in France, the Netherlands, Sweden and the UK, Düsseldorf: Hans-Böckler-Stiftung, available online here.

Gelter M. (2009) “The Dark Side of Shareholder Influence: Managerial Autonomy and Stakeholder Orientation in Comparative Corporate Governance”, Harvard International Law Journal, Vol. 50 No. 1, pp. 129-194, available online here.

Gold M. (2011) “’Taken on board’: An evaluation of the influence of employee board-level representatives on company decision-making across Europe”, European Journal of Industrial Relations, Vol. 17 No. 1, pp. 41-56.

Gold M. (2010) “Employee participation in the EU: the long and winding road to legislation”, Economic and Industrial Democracy, Vol. 31 No. 45, pp. 9-23.

Gold M., Kluge N. and Conchon A. (2010) ‘In the union and on the board’: experiences of board-level employee representatives across Europe, Brussels: ETUI, available online here.

Gospel H., Jackson G. (2006) “Corporate Governance and Employee Voice: An EU Perspective”, in Bercusson B. (ed.) Paths to progress. Mapping innovation on information, consultation and participation for employee involvement in corporate governance, Brussels: SDA, pp. 56-79, available online here

Gospel H., Pendleton A. (2010) “Corporate Governance and Employee Participation”, in Wilkinson A., Gollan P. J., Marchington M., Lewin D. (eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Participation in Organizations, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 504-525

Hagen I. M. (2014) „Board-level employee representatives in Norway, Sweden and Denmark: differently powerless or equally important?” in Hauptmeier M. and Vidal M. (eds.) Comparative political economy of work, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 139-161.

Hagen I. M. and Mulder B. J. (2013) “Transnational employee representation on company boards: the Scandinavian model”, in Ales E. and Senatori I. (eds.) The transnational dimension of labour relations. A new order in the making?, Turin: G. Giappichelli editore, pp. 135-170

Hansen L. and Werlauff E. (2009) „Employee representation on the board of directors of a company with its registered office in a Nordic country”, European Company Law, No.2, pp. 68-81.

Hill S. (2010) “Europe’s Secret Advantage. Economic Democracy”, in Hill S., Europe’s Promise. Why the European Way is the Best Hope in an Insecure Age, Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, pp. 53-71

Hopt K., Leyens P. (2004) “Board Models in Europe. Recent Developments of Internal Corporate Governance Structures in Germany, the United Kingdom, France and Italy”, European Company and Financial Law Review, Vol. 1 No. 2, pp. 135-168

Jackson G. (2005) “Employee Representation in the Board Compared: A Fuzzy Sets Analysis of Corporate Governance, Unionism and Political Institutions”, Industrielle Beziehungen, Vol. 12 No. 3, pp. 252-279

Jagodzinski R., Kluge N., Stollt M. (2007) “Worker interest representation in Europe: Towards a better understanding of the pieces of a still unfinished jigsaw”, Paper presented at 8th IIRA European Congress, 3-6 September 2007, Manchester, available online here.

Kleinknecht R. (2015) ‘Employee participation in corporate governance: implications for company resilience’, European Journal of Industrial Relations, Vol. 21 No. 1, pp. 57-72.

Kluge N. (2005) “Corporate governance with co-determination: a key element of the European social model”, Transfer, Vol. 11 No. 2, pp. 163-177

Kluge N., Stollt M. (2006) The European Company – Prospects for Worker Board-Level Participation in the Enlarged EU, Brussels: ETUI-REHS, SDA, available online here.

Kluge N., Wilke P. (2007) “Board-level participation and workers’ financial participation in Europe. State of the art and development trends”, ETUI-REHS Research department Report No. 102, available online here.

Kolvenbach W., Hanau P. (eds.) (1999) Handbook on European Employee Co-Management, Deventer: Kluwer Law and Taxation Publishers

Markey R., Balnave N., Patmore G. (2010) “Worker Directors and Worker Ownership / Cooperatives”, in Wilkinson A., Gollan P. J., Marchington M., Lewin D. (eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Participation in Organizations, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 237-257

Monat J., Sarfati H. (1986) Workers’ participation: a voice in decisions. 1981-1985, Geneva: ILO

Muthusamy S., Bobinski P. and Jawahar D. (2011) “Toward a strategic role for employees in corporate governance”, Strategic Change, No. 20, pp. 127-138.

Niedenhoff H.-U. (2005) “Mitbestimmung im europäischen Vergleich”, IW-Trends, No. 2, pp. 3-17

O’Kelly K. (2005) “A European project for employee board-level representatives: issues, roles and responsibilities”, Transfer, Vol. 11 No. 2, pp. 221-230

Osterloh M., Frey B. (2006) “Shareholders Should Welcome Knowledge Workers as Directors”, Journal of Management and Governance, Vol. 10 No. 3, pp. 325-345, available online here

Pichot E. (1999) Employee representatives in Europe and their economic prerogatives, Brussels: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities

Ribarova et al. (2010) Informia. Information and consultation in Europe. Analysis of the legislative framework and practices, Sofia: CITUB, available online here.

Schubert C. (2008) “The National Implementation of Employee Participation in the Administrative Board of the SE in the One-tier Model. A Legal Comparison on the Basis of Germany, Austria, Sweden and France”, European Company and Financial Law Review, Vol. 5, No. 4, pp. 422-452

Schulten T., Zagelmeyer S. (1998) Board-Level Employee Representation in Europe, Eurofound, available online here.

Schulten T., Zagelmeyer S. (1998) “Board-Level Employee Representation in Europe”, EIRObserver, No. 5, pp. I-IV, available online here.

SEEurope (ed.) (2010) The current financial and economic crisis: Point of departure for stronger worker participation in national corporate governance?, report available online here.

Stern R. (1988) “Participation by Representation: Workers on Boards of Directors in the United States and Abroad”, Work and Occupations, Vol. 5, No. 4, pp. 396-422

Stroinski R. and Stanuch S. (2009) “Employee participation on companies’ boards in Poland and selected CEE jurisdictions”, European Company Law, No. 2, pp. 82-87.

Taylor R. (2005) “Industrial democracy and the European traditions”, Transfer, Vol. 11 No. 2, pp. 155-162

TUAC (2005) Workers’ voice in corporate governance. A trade union perspective, Paris: TUAC, available online here.

van het Kaar R. (2009) “Employee board-level representation in the EU: A contested subject”, European Company Law, No. 2, pp. 55-61.

van het Kaar R. (2005) “Company law and workers’ interest”, Transfer, Vol. 11 No. 2, pp. 179-188

Veersma U., Swinkels S. (2005) “Participation in European Companies: views from social partners in three Member States”, Transfer, Vol. 11 No. 2, pp. 189-205

Vitols S. (2005) “Prospects for trade unions in the evolving European system of corporate governance”, ETUI-REHS Research department Report No. 92, available online here.

Waddington J. and Conchon A. (2015) Board-level employee representation in Europe. Priorities, power and articulation, New York: Routledge.

Waddington J., Kluge N. (2006) “Corporate Governance and the voice of labour: Issues and debates”, in Bercusson B. (ed.) Paths to progress. Mapping innovation on information, consultation and participation for employee involvement in corporate governance, Brussels: SDA, pp. 80-108, available online here.

Williamson J. (2013) Workers on board. The case for workers’ voice in corporate governance, London: TUC, available online here.

Windbichler C. (2005) “Cheers and Boos for Employee Involvement: Co-Determination as Corporate Governance Conundrum”, European Business Organization Law Review, Vol. 6 No. 4, pp. 507-537

2. Country-based studies

Austria

Brachinger R., Leitsmüller H. (2005) “Betriebsräte im Aufsichtsrat/ Wirtschaftliche Mitbestimmung auf dem Prüfstand”, Arbeit und Wirtschaft, No. 59, pp. 1-9

Gagawczuk W., Gahleitner H., Leitsmüller H., Preiss J., Schneller H. (2004) Der Aufsichtsrat. Die häufigsten Fragen, Verlag des ÖGB: Vienna

Gahleitner H. (2013) Mitwirkung im Aufsichtsrat. Grundzüge des Gesellschaftsrechts für Arbeitnehmervertreterinnen II, Vienna: Verlag des ÖGB, available online here.

Gahleitner S. and Preiss J., (2003) The Essentials of corporate law for workers’ representatives II: supervisory board participation, Vienna: VÖGB and AK Österreich, available online here.


Croatia

Vinković M. (2014) “Works councils in Croatia: A form of the protection of workers’ rights and/or the employer’s interest?”, in Blanpain R. and Lyutov N. (eds.) Workers’ representation in Central and Eastern Europe. Challenges and opportunities for the works councils’ system, Alphen aan den Rijn: Kluwer law international, pp. 37-51


Czech Republic

Vliegenthart A. (2008) “Transnational Actors and Corporate Governance in ECE: The Case of the EU and the Czech Republic”, in Pickles J., Jenkins R. (eds.) Rethinking the State and Society in Soviet and Post-socialist Economies, London: Palgrave, pp. 47-68

Vliegenthart A., Horn L. (2007) “The Role of the EU in the (Trans)formation of Corporate Governance Regulation in Central Eastern Europe – The Case of the Czech Republic”, Competition and Change, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 137-154


Denmark

Christensen S., Westenholz A. (2001) “’Employee Representatives as Company Strategic Actors in an Enacted World”, in Winter G. (ed.) “Participatory Ownership and Management in Greenland and Other Artic Regions”, Arctic Research Journal, No. 1, pp. 78-90.

Christensen S., Westenholz A. (1999) “Boards of Directors as Strategists in an Enacted World – The Danish Case”, Journal of Management and Governance, Vol. 3 No. 3, pp. 261-286

Christensen S., Westenholz A. (1997) “The Social/Behavioral Construction of Employees as Strategic Actors on Company Boards of Directors” American Behavioral Scientist, Vol. 40 No. 4, pp. 490-501

Fauerholdt N. (2014) Medarbejdervalgte bestyrelsesmedlemmer i erhvervsbestyrelser, Copenhagen: Ugebrevet A4, available online here.

Kjær V. (2004) “Employee representation in Denmark”, Oral presentation at Kevin O’Kelly Transnational seminar in Helsingör, 10-12 December 2007

Lavesen M. and Kragh-Stetting J. (2011) Håndbog for medarbejderrepræsentanter 2011, Odense: Erhvervsskolernes Forlag.

Lund R. (1980) “Indirect Participation, Influence, and Power: Some Danish Experiences”, Organization Studies, Vol. 1 No. 2, pp. 147-160

Rimfort P. and Christy N. (2012) Medarbejdervalgt I selskabets øverste ledelse. Vejen til indflydelse,Copenhagen: CO-industri, available online here.

Rose C. (2005) “Medarbejdervalgte bestyrelsesmedlemmer i danske virksomheder”, Tidsskrift for Arbejdsliv, Vol. 7 No. 3, pp. 34-50

Rose C. (2008) “The Challenges of Employee-Appointed Board Members for Corporate Governance: The Danish Evidence”, European Business Organization Law review, Vol. 9 No. 2, pp. 215-235

Rose C., Kurt Kvist H. (2004) Employee directors – What is their say?, Copenhagen: Copenhagen Business School, summary available online here.


Finland

K. Sairo (2001) Henkilöstön hallintoedustus metalli-ja elektroniikkateollisuuden yrityksissä, report to Metallityöväen Liiton tutkimustoiminnan julkaisuja, available online here.

Jones D., Kalmi P. Kato T. and Mäkinen M. (2010) „HRM practices and firm performance: evidence from Finnish manufacturing“, Aalto University School of Economics Working Paper No. W-485, available online here.


France

Auberger M.-N., Bouchet J.-P. (2007) “Guide de l’administrateur salarié”, Cadres CFDT, No. Special 423, available online here.

Auberger M-N., Conchon A. (eds.) (2009) Les administrateurs salariés et la gouvernance d’entreprise, Paris : La documentation française, coll. Les études

Barisi G., Burdillat M. et al. (1985) “Une étape dans la démocratisation du secteur public. L’élection de représentants des salariés aux conseils d’administration”, Travail et Emploi, No. 24, pp. 43-50, available online here.

Barreau J. (1995) “Administrateur salarié et élection”, in Merle P., Vatin F., La citoyenneté : extension ou régression, Rennes : PUR, pp. 153-164

Barreau J. (1995) “Mode de désignation et représentativité des administrateurs salariés”, Les Cahiers des Relations Professionnelles, No. 11, 15 décembre 1995, pp. 81-94

Barreau J. (1990) L’État entrepreneur. Nationalisations, gestion du secteur public concurrentiel, construction européenne (1982-1993), Paris : L’Harmattan, pp. 156-164

Benhamou S. (2010) Améliorer la gouvernance d’entreprise et la participation des salariés, Paris: La documentation Française, coll. Rapports et Documents, No. 27, available online here.

Bertin-Mourot B., Lapôtre M. (2003) Gouvernement d’entreprise : fonctionnement des organes de contrôle et rôle des représentants des salariés, Paris: CARIS-CFDT

Burdillat M. (1985) La démocratisation du secteur public : l’élection des administrateurs salariés, rapport du CRMSI

Collège des Bernardins et al. (2015) « Premiers résultats de l’enquête sur les administrateurs salariés », available online here.

Conchon A. (2014) Les administrateurs salariés en France. Contribution à une sociologie de la participation des salariés aux décisions de l’entreprise, PhD dissertation under the supervision of Michel Lallement and Annette Jobert, Paris, Cnam, available online here.

Conchon A. (2013) « La participation aux décisions stratégiques de l’entreprise : influence ou pouvoir des administrateurs salariés ? », Participations ; No. 5, pp. 127-149

Conchon A. (2008) “Quelle régulation collective de la démocratie industrielle ? Le cas des administrateurs salariés”, Terrains & Travaux, No. 14, pp. 48-67

Conchon A. (2006) Übersicht über die Arbeitnehmervertreter mit Stimmberechtigung in den Leitungsorganen der französischen Unternehmen, research report to Hans Böckler Stiftung, available online here.

CRMSI (ed.) (1985) Premier bilan de la démocratisation des conseils d’administration dans le secteur public. Compte-rendu de la journée du 15 novembre 1985

Deslandes G., Pompée J. (1995) Les administrateurs élus dans les entreprises publiques, Paris: recherche CFE-CGC –Agence d’objectifs IRES

Ginglinger E., Megginson W. and Waxin T. (2011) ‘Employee ownership, board representation, and corporate financial policies’, Journal of Corporate Finance, Vol. 17 No. 4, pp. 868-887.

Gnazale G., Tchotourian I., Violay L. (2008) “Implication des salariés dans la vie de l’entreprise : lorsque le droit pose les fondements d’une nouvelle gouvernance”, Université de Montréal, CADI Travaux et publications, prépublication, available online here.

Hollandts X., Guedri Z. and Aubert N. (2009) “Représentation du travail au conseil d’administration et performance de l’entreprise: une étude empirique sur le SBF 250 (2000-2005) ”, in Auberger M. N. and Conchon A. (eds.) Les administrateurs salariés et la gouvernance d’entreprise, Paris: La documentation Française, pp. 93-101.

Ministère du travail (2015) Bilan de la loi de sécurisation de l’emploi du 14 juin 2013, available online here.

Sauviat C. (2006) “Le rôle des salariés dans ma gouvernance des entreprises en France : un débat ancien, une légitimité en devenir”, Document de travail de l’IRES, No. 06.02, available online here.

TM-Partenaires (2014) « L’administrateur salarié. Premier bilan après la loi de 2013 », Regards sur la gouvernance, available online here.


Germany

Addison J. (2009) The Economics of Codetermination: Lessons of the German Experience, New-York: Palgrave Macmillan

Addison J. T., Schnabel C. (2011) “Worker Directors: A German Product that Didn’t Export?”,Industrial Relations, Vol. 50 No. 2, pp. 354-374.

Ballerstedt K. (1977) “Das Mitbestimmungsgesetz zwischen Gesellschafts-, Arbeits- und Unternehmensrecht”, Zeitschrift für Unternehmens- und Gesellschaftsrecht, Vol. 6 No. 2, pp. 133-171

Balsmeier B., Bermig A. and Dilger A. (2013) “Corporate governance and employee power in the boardroom: An applied game theoretic analysis”, Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, No. 91, pp. 51-74.

Baums T., Frick B. (1999) “The Market Value of the Codetermined Firm”, in Blair M., Roe M. (eds.) Employees and Corporate Governance, Washington D.C.: The Brookings Institution, pp. 206-235

Bayer W. (2009) Drittelbeteiligung in Deutschland – Ermittlung von Gesellschaften, die dem DrittelbG unterliegen, Research report to Hans-Böckler Foundation, available online here.

Bertelsmann Stiftung ans Hans-Böckler-Stiftung (eds.) Mitbestimmung und neue Unternehmenskulturen. Bilanz und Perspektiven, Gütersloh: Verlag Bertelsmann Stiftung, available online here.

Biedenkopf K., Streeck W., Wissmann H. (2007) “A core element of Europe”, Mitbestimmung international edition, No. 8, pp. 20-25

Biedenkopf K., Streeck W., Wissmann H. (2006) Kommissions zur Modernisierung der deutschen Unternehmensmitbestimmung. Bericht der wissenschaftlichen Mitglieder der Kommission, available online here.

Boneberg F. (2011) “The Economic Consequences of one-third Co-determination in German Supervisory Boards: First Evidence for the Service Sector from a New Source of Enterprise Data”, Jahrbücher für Nationalökonomie und Statistik / Journal of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 231 No. 3, pp. 440-457. .

Debus M. (2010) Evaluation des Aufsichtsrats: Theoretische Grundlagen und empirische Befunde, Wiesbaden: Gabler Verlag.

Duran M. and Pull K. (2014) “Der Beitrag der Arbeitnehmervertreter zur fachlichen und geschlechtlichen Diversität von Aufsichtsräten: Erkenntnisse aus einer qualitativ-explorativen Analyse“, Industrielle Beziehungen, Vol. 21 No. 4, pp. 329-351.

Fauver L., Fuerts M. (2006) “Does good corporate governance include employee representation? Evidence from German corporate boards”, Journal of Financial Economics, Vol. 82 No. 3, pp. 673-710, available online here.

Feils D., Liu R. and Sabac F. (2014) “Does employee representation on the board provide a comparative advantage? Evidence from Germany and the United States”, Working Paper, Alberta School of Business, available online here.

Fetzer T. (2010) “Defending Mitbestimmung: German trade unions and European company law regulation (1967-2000)”, Economic and Industrial Democracy, Vol. 31 No. 4 suppl., pp. 24-39

FitzRoy F., Kraft K. (2005) “Co-Determination, Efficiency, and Productivity”, British Journal of Industrial Relations, Vol. 43 No. 2, pp. 233-247

Frick B. and Bermig A. (2011) „Mitbestimmung und Unternehmensperformance: der Einfluss von Arbeitnehmervertreter im Aufsichtsrat auf Unternehmenswert“, Die Betriebswirtschaft, Vol. 71 No. 3, pp. 281-304.

Gerum E. (2007) Das deutsche Corporate Governance-System. Eine empirische Untersuchung, Stuttgart: Schäffer-Poeschel

Gerum E. (1998) Mitbestimmung und Corporate Governance, Gütersloh: Verlag Bertelsmann Stiftung

Gerum E., Debus M. (2006) “Die Größe des Aufsichtsrates als rechtspolitisches Problem – Einige empirische Befunde”, Marburger Corporate Governance Forschung, Diskussionspapier No. 1, available online here.

Gerum E., Steinmann H., Fees W., (1988) Der mitbestimmte Aufsichtsrat, Stuttgart: C.E. Poeschel Verlag

Gerum E., Wagner H. (1998) “Economics of Labor Co-Determination in View of Corporate Governance”, in Hopt K., Kanda H., Roe M., Wymeersch E., Prigge S. (eds.) Comparative Corporate Governance. The State of the Art and Emerging Research, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 341-360, available online here.

Greifenstein R. and Kißler L. (2010) Mitbestimmung im Spiegel der Forschung, Berlin: Sigma Edition.

Höpner M. (2004) “Unternehmensmitbestimmung unter Beschuss: Die Mitbestimmunsdebatte im Licht der sozialwissenschaftlichen Forschung”, Industrielle Beziehungen, Vol. 11 No. 4, pp. 347-379, available online here.

Höpner M., Müllenborn T. (2010) “Mitbestimmung im Unternehmensvergleich. Ein Konzept zur Messung des Einflusspotentiels der Arbeit,ehmervertreter im mitbestimmten Aufsichtsrat”, Industrielle Beziehungen, Vol. 7 No. 1, pp. 7-29

Jansen T. (2013) Mitbestimmung in Aufsichtsräten, Wiesbaden: Springer VS.

Jansen T. (2012) „Unternehmensmitbestimmung als Arrangement von Politik und Ökonomie. Eine Fallstudie im mitbestimmten Aufsichtsrat“, Soziale Welt, No. 63, pp. 163-181.

Jirjahn U. (2011) „Ökonomische Wirkungen der Mitbestimmung in Deutschland: Ein Update“, Schmollers Jahrbuch, No. 131, pp. 3-57.

Jürgens U., Lippert I. (2005) “Communication and cooperation in German supervisory boards. How do executive managers evaluate the German codetermination system?”, Presentation at the SASE Conference, 30 June 2005, Budapest

Jürgens U., Lippert I. (2005) “Leitende Angestellte im Informations- und Wissensssystem Aufsichtsrat”, Industrielle Beziehungen, Vol. 12 No. 3, pp. 280-305

Jürgens U., Lippert I. (2005) “Kommunikation und Wissen im Aufsichtsrat: Voraussetzungen und Kriterien guter Aufsichtsratsarbeit aus der Perspektive leitender Angestellter”, WZB discussion paper, No. SP III 2005-301, available online here.

Jürgens U., Lippert I., Gaeth F. (2008) Information, Kommunikation und Wissen im Mitbestimmungssystem, Schriften der Hans-Böckler-Stiftung, Baden-Baden: Nomos

Keller B. (2008) “Industrial relations in Germany”, Paper presented at the conference “International trends in industrial relations”, University of Athens, Department of Economics, December 2008

Keller B., Werner F. (2010) “Industrial democracy from a European Perspective - The Example of SEs”, Economic and Industrial Democracy, Vol. 31 No. 4 suppl., pp. 40-54.

Kim A. H., Maug E. and Schneider C. (2014) „Labor representation in governance as an insurance mechanism“, ECGI Finance working paper, n°411/2014, available online here.

Köstler R., Müller M. and Sick S. (2013) Aufsichtsratspraxis. Handbuch für die Arbeitnehmervertreter im Aufsichtsrat, Frankfurt am Main: Bund-Verlag

Kraft K. (2001) “Codetermination as a strategic advantage?”, International Journal of Industrial Organization, Vol. 19 No. 3-4, pp. 543-566

Kraft K. and Stank J. (2004) „Die Auswirkungen der gesetzlichen Mitbestimmung auf die Innovationsaktivität deutscher Unternehmen“, Schmollers Jahrbuch, No. 3, pp. 421-449.

Kraft K., Stank J. and Dewenter R. (2010) “Co-determination and innovation”, Cambridge Journal of Economics, Vol. 35 No. 1, pp. 145-172.

Kraft K. and Ugarkovic M. (2006) „Gesetzliche Mitbestimmung und Kapitalrendite“, Jahrbücher für Nationalökonomie und Statistik, Vol. 226 No. 5, pp. 588-604.

Lippert I. (2008) “Perspektivenverschiebungen in der Corporate Governance-Neuere Ansätze und Studien der Corporate-Governance-Forschung”, WZB discussion paper, No. SP II 2008-302, available online here.

Michel H. (2007) “Co-determination in Germany: The Recent Debate”, WDW (Workplace Democracy Workshops) Working Paper Series, No. 4, available online here.

Page R. (2011) “Co-determination in Germany. A Beginner’s Guide”, Hans-Böckler-Stiftung Arbeitspapier, No. 33, available online here.

Paster T. (2012) “Do German employers support board-level codetermination? The paradox of individual support and collective opposition”, Socio-Economic Review, No. 10, pp. 471-495.

Pistor K. (1999) “Codetermination: A sociopolitical Model with Governance Externalities”, in Blair M., Roe M. (eds.) Employees and Corporate Governance, Washington D.C.: Brookings Institution Press, pp. 163-193

Raabe N. (2005) “Aus dem Aufsichtsratsalltag”, Die Mitbestimmung, No. 52, 7, pp. 38-42, available online here.

Raabe N. (2004) Die Zukunft der Mitbestimmung. Eine qualitative Studie zur Praxis der Mitbestimmung im Aufsichtsrat, Diplomarbeit an der Wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Humboldt- Universität zu Berlin

Renaud S. (2007) “Dynamic Efficiency of Supervisory Board Codetermination in Germany”, Labour, Vol. 21 No. 4-5, pp. 689-712

Roe M. (1999) “Codetermination and German Securities Markets”, in Blair M., Roe M. (eds.) Employees and Corporate Governance, Washington D.C.: Brookings Institution Press, pp. 194-205

Säcker F. J. (2008) “Die Zukunft der Unternehmensmitbestimmung in Deutschalnd – Disharmonien im Zusammenspiel der verschiedenen Mitbestimmungsebenen”, in Institut der deutschen Wirtschaft Köln (ed.) Perspektiven der Mitbestimmung in Deutschland, Köln: IW Symposien, pp. 147-165

Stettes O. (2007) “Die Arbeitnehmermitbestimmung im Aufsichtsrat- Ergebnisse einer Unternehmesbefragung”, IW-Trends, Vol. 34 No. 1, pp. 1-15

Stettes O. (2007) “Unternehmensmitbestimmung in Deutschland – Vorteil oder Ballast im Standortwettbewerb?”, Institute for Law and Finance, Working Paper Series, No. 64, available online here.

Streeck W. (2008) “Zur Zukunft der Unternehmensmitbestimmung in Deutschland”, in Institut der deutschen Wirtschaft Köln (ed.) Perspektiven der Mitbestimmung in Deutschland, Köln: IW Symposien, pp. 166-177

Streeck W. (1992) “Co-determination: After Four Decades”, in Streeck W. Social Institutions and Economic Performance. Studies of Industrial Relations in Advanced Capitalist Economies, London: Sage, pp. 137-168

Strunk E. (2008) Aufsichtsräte und Mitbestimmung: Auswertungen der Umstellung deutscher AG’s auf die Rechtsform der Europäischen Aktiengesellschaft, Freie wissenschaftliche Arbeit zur Erlangung des akademischen Grades Diplom-Ökonomin, under the direction of Prof. Dr. Alexander gerybadze, University Hohenheim, Stuttgart

Vitols S. (2008) „Beteiligung der Arbeitnehmervertreter in Aufsichtsratsausschüssen“, Hans-Böckler Stiftung Arbeitspapier No. 163, available online here.

Vitols S. (2006) Ökonomische Auswirkungen der paritätischen Mitbestimmung: Eine ökonometrische Analyse. Gutachten im Auftrag des DGB Bundesvorstandes, Bereich Mitbestimmung und Unternehmenspolitik, report to DGB, available online here.

Vulcheva, M. (2008) “Employee Representation and the Management of Earnings”, Mimeo, Goizueat Business School, Emory University, Atlanta.

Wagner J. (2011) “One-Third Codetermination at Company Supervisory Boards and Firm Performance in German Manufacturing Industries: First Direct Evidence from a New Type of Enterprise Data”, Schmollers Jahrbuch, Vol. 131 No. 1, pp. 91-106.

Wohnhas F. (2013) The effect of German codetermination on firm value and short-termism, Master dissertation under the supervision of Jens Martin, University of Amsterdam


Greece

Koutroukis T. and Jecchinis C. (2010) “Aspects of worker participation in Greece: A legal revolution and the evolution so far”, EΠIΘEΩPHΣH EPΓAΣIAKΩN ΣXEΣEΩN, No. 59, pp. 30-41, available online here.

Nerantzidis M. and Filos J. (2014) “Recent corporate governance developments in Greece”, Corporate Governance, Vol. 14 No. 3, pp. 281-299

Papoulias D., Lioukas S. (1995) “Participation in the Management of Public Enterprises: Experience from Greek Utilities”, Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, Vol. 66 No. 3, pp. 275-298

Spanos L., Papoulias D. (2005) “Corporate Governance as an Instrument of Change State Owned Companies: The Case of the Hellenic Telecommunications Organization”, University of Athens Economics Working Paper, available online here.


Hungary

Gróf G., Kisgyörgy S., Lénárt S. (2007) Dolgozói Képviselők a Gazdasági Társaságok Felügyelőbizottságaiban, Report to the Friedrich Ebert Foundation, available online here.

Kovacsics P. (2012) Employee representation at board-level. The Hungarian regulation in a comparative corporate governance aspect, LL.M. dissertation under the supervision of Stefan Messmann, Central European University, available online here.

Neumann L. (2006) “New company act reduces roles of board-level employee representatives”, EurWORK, available online here.

Vliegenthart A. (2009) “Who is undermining employee involvement in postsocialist supervisory boards? National, European and international forces in the revision of Hungarian company law”, Journal for East European Management Studies, Vol. 14 No. 3, pp. 265-285, available online here.

Vliegenthart A. (2007) “Regulating employee representation in post-socialist supervisory boards”, South-East Europe Review, Vol. 10 No. 4, pp. 67-82


Ireland

Carley M. (1998) “Irish worker directors in a European perspective”, Industrial Relations News, No. 19, 14 May, pp. 14-17

European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (eds.) (1983) Colloquium on the worker directors and his impact on the enterprise, Dublin: Eurofound

Kelly A. (1987) “The Worker Director in Irish Industrial Relations”, in Department of Industrial Relations, University College Dublin (eds.) Industrial Relations in Ireland. Contemporary Issues and Developments, Dublin: University College Dublin, pp. 247-252

Kelly A. (1986) “Integrating collective bargaining and worker participation at board level: The case of Ireland”, in Stern R. and McCarthy S. (eds.) The organizational practice of democracy, Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, pp. 407-429

Kelly A. and Hourihan, F. (1998) “Employee Participation”, in Murphy T., Roche W. (eds.), Irish Industrial Relations in Practice: Revised and Expanded Edition, Dublin: Oak Tree Press, pp. 405-443

Lee F. (2007) “Ireland’s Semi-State Bodies in a Time of Change”, Department of Government Working Paper, No. 4.

TASC (2012) Good for Business? Worker participation on boards, Dublin: Think Tank for Action on Social Change, available online here.


Luxembourg

Allegrezza S. (2013) « Le dialogue social au Luxembourg : Actualités et perspectives », Cahiers économiques n°115, Luxembourg-Kirchberg : Statec, available online here.

Clément F. (2008) Les relations professionnelles au Luxembourg, Luxembourg: EURES-CRD-REPREM, available online here.

Conseil Économique et Social (eds.) (1999) Le bilan de la loi de 1974 sur la représentation des salariés dans les conseils d’administration et la création de comités d’entreprise, le 15 juillet 1999, Luxembourg


The Netherlands

Goodijk R. (2010) “Corporate governance and Works council: a Dutch perspective”, Conference paper presented at the 9th IIRA European Congress, 28 June-1 July 2010, Copenhagen, available online here.

Goodijk R. (2005) “Supervisory Board and Works Council in the Netherlands”, Corporate Board: role, duties and composition, Vol. 1 No. 3, pp. 46-60

Goodijk R. (2001) “Corporate Governance and Workers’ Participation in the Netherlands”, in Markey R., Gollan P., Hodgkinson A., Chouraqui A., Veersma U. (eds.) Models of Employee Participation in a Changing Global Environment. Diversity and Interaction, Aldershot: Ashgate, pp. 179-192

Rood M. (1992) “The Netherlands”, Bulletin of Comparative Labour Relations n°23, Special Issue “Workers’ Participation: Influence on Management Decision – Making by Labour in the Private Sector”, pp. 199-214


Norway

Bøhren Ø. and Strøm Ø. (2010) ‘Governance and Politics: Regulating Independence and Diversity in the Board Room’, Journal of Business Finance & Accounting, Vol. 37 No. 9-10, pp. 1281-1308.

Bøhren Ø., Strøm Ø. (2005) The value-creating board: Theory and evidence, BI Norwegian School of Management Research Report No. 8, available online here.

Byrkjeflot H. (2001) “The Nordic Model of Democracy and Management”, in Byrkjeflot H., Myklebust S., Myrvang T., Sejersted F. (eds.) The Democratic Challenge to Capitalism. Management and Democracy on the Nordic Countries, Bergen: fagbokforlaget, pp. 19-50, available online here.

Emery F. E., Thorsrud E., (1969) Form and Content in Industrial Democracy. Some Experiences from Norway and other European Countries. London: Tavistock Publications

Falkum E., Hagen I. M., Trygstad S. C. (2010) “Participation and codetermination among Norwegian employees – state of the art 2009. Union members and non union members compared”, Conference paper presented at the 9th IIRA European Congress, 28 June-1 July 2010, Copenhagen, available online here.

Falkum E., Hagen I. M., Trygstad S. C. (2009) Bedriftsdemokratiets tilstand. Medbestemmelse, medvirkning og innflytelse i 2009, Fafo report No. 35, available online here.

Hagen I. M. (2011) “Medarbejdervalgte medlemmer av bestyrelsen. Hvorfor benytter ikke alitid de ansatte deres rettigheter?”, Tidsskrift for Arbejdsliv, Vol. 13 No. 1, pp. 47-63.

Hagen I. M. (2011) “Employee elected directors on company boards: Stakeholder representatives or the voice of labour?”, in Blanpain R., Bromwich W., Rymkevich O. and Senatori I. (eds.) Rethinking Corporate Governance: From Shareholder Value to Stakeholder Value, Alphen aan den Rijn: Kluwer law international, pp. 121-140.

Hagen I. M. (2010) Det mektige mindretallet. Ansatterepresentasjon i styret mellom Corporate Governance og Industrial Relations. Doktoravhandling, Fafo report No. 2, available online here.

Hagen I. M. (2010) “Board level representation – still an unused resource?”, Conference paper presented at the 9th IIRA European Congress, 28 June-1 July 2010, Copenhagen, available online here.

Hagen I. M. (2008) “Ansatte styrerepresentanter – hvor mange og hvor finner vi dem?”, Søkelys på arbeidslivet, Vol. 25 No. 3, pp. 331-341

Hagen I. M. (2008) Ansatte i styret. Statusrapport 2007, Fafo report No. 9, available online here.

Hagen I. M. (2007) “Employee representatives (ERs) at board level – ensuring productivity or democracy at work?”, Conference paper presented at the 8th European Congress of the IIRA, 3-6 September 2007, Manchester

Hagen I. M. (2005) Ansattes styrerepresentanter – motstandere, samarbeidspartnere eller B-medlemmer?, Fafo report No. 502, available online here.

Hagen I. M., Huse M. (2007) “Do employee representatives make a difference on corporate boards? Examples from Norway”, in Jürgens U., Sadowski D., Schuppert G. F., Weiss M. (eds.) Perspektiven der Corporate Governance. Bestimmungsfaktoren unternehmerischer. Entscheidungsprozesse und Mitwirkung der Arbeitnehmer, Baden-Baden: Nomos, pp. 156-181

Huse M. Nielsen S. T., Hagen I. M. (2009) “Women and Employee-Elected Board Members, and Their Contributions to Board Control Tasks”, Journal of Business Ethics, Vol. 89 No. 4, pp. 581-597

Strøm Ø. (2008) “Three essays on corporate boards”, BI Norwegian School of Management, Department of Financial Economics, Series of Dissertations, No. 1, available online here.


Poland

Matey M. (1992) “Poland”, Bulletin of Comparative Labour Relations, No. 23, Special Issue “Workers’ Participation: Influence on Management Decision – Making by Labour in the Private Sector”, pp. 215-220

Skupień D. (2011) “The statute for a European company and the Polish model of employee involvement”, in Blanpain R., Bromwich W., Rymkevich O. and Senatori I. (eds.) Rethinking corporate governance: from shareholder value to stakeholder value, Alphen aan den Rijn: Kluwer law international, pp. 105-119.

Skupień D. (2011) “Board-level employee participation in Polish limited-liability companies”, in Löschnigg G. (ed.) Arbeitnehmerbeteiligung in Unternehmensorganen im internationalen Vergleich, Vienna: Verlag des ÖGB, pp. 139-159

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Slovenia

Andrenšek I. (2007) Upravljanje gospodarskih družb v Sloveniji: Razprava o vlogi in pomenu predstavnikov delavcev v nadzornih svetih, Academic thesis, University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Economics, available online here.

Bakovnik R. (2004) “Kolektivna (posredna) participacija. Delavsko predstavništvo v nadzornem svetu”, Industrijska demokracija, No. 3, available online here.

Bakovnik R. (2003) “Slovenski model delavske participacije”, Industrijska demokracija, No. 3, available online here.

Bakovnik R., Polič M., Peršak C., Pogačnik V., Gostiša M. (2000) Vpliv delavske participacije na poslovno uspešnost, Research report from ŠCID (Študijski Center za Industrijsko Demokracijo), funded by the Ministry of Labour, available online here.

Bratina (1999) “Pravni položaj delavskih predstavnikov v nadzornih svetih”, Industrijska demokracija, No. 9, available online here.

Gostiša M. (2004) “Specifike položaja delavskih predstavnikov v nadzornem svetu”, Industrijska demokracija, No. 11, available online here.

Gostiša M. (2004) “Čigave interese in na kakšen način zastopajo predstavniki delavcev v nadzornem svetu”, Industrijska demokracija, No. 1, available online here.

Gostiša M. (2001) Struktura, način kadrovanja in usposobljenost delavskih predstavnikov v nadzornih svetih, Research report from ŠCID (Študijski Center za Industrijsko Demokracijo), available online here.

Gostiša M. (2001) “Odprta vprašanja delovanja delavskih predsavnikov v nadzornih svetih”, Industrijska demokracija, No. 5, available online here.

Gostiša M. (2001) Sistemske dileme o vlogi in načinu delovanja delavskih predstavnikov v nadzornem svetu, Joint statement from the Slovanian Directors’ Association and the Association of Workers in Slovenian Companies, available online here.

Gostiša M. (2001) “Delavska predstavništva v nadzornih svetih. Odgovorno trdim, da…”, Industrijska demokracija, No. 4, available online here.

Gostiša M. (1997) “Predstavništvo delavcev v nadzornem svetu”, Industrijska demokracija, No. 5, available online here.

Gregorič A., Prašnikar J., Ribnikar I. (2000) “Corporate Governance in Transitional Economies: The Case of Slovenia”, Economic and Business Review for Central and South-Eastern Europe, Vol. 2 No. 3, pp. 183-207

Hojnik J. (2008) “Corporate governance reform in Slovenia and the current place of workers’ voice”, Transfer, Vol. 14 No. 1, pp. 137-141.

Končar P. (2008) “EU v. National Industrial Relations: The Slovenian Perspective”, in Rönnmar M. (ed.) EU Industrial Relations v. National Industrial Relations. Comparative and Interdisciplinary Perspectives, Alphen aan den Rijn: Kluwer Law International, pp. 41-53

Miklič G. (1999) “Kdo so lahko delavski predstavniki v nadzornih svetih”, Industrijska demokracija, No. 2, available online here.

Prašnikar J., Gregorič A. (2002) “The influence of workers’ participation on the power of management in transitional countries: the case of Slovenia”, Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, Vol. 73 No. 2, pp. 269-297

Šarman Z. (2001) “Kdo in zakaj se boji delavskih predstavnikov v nadzornih svetih”, Industrijska demokracija, No. 5, available online here.

Senčur Peček D. (2011) „The participation of employees in company bodies as regulated in law oft he Republic of Slovenia“, in Löschnigg G. (ed.) Arbeitnehmerbeteiligung in Unternehmensorganen im internationalen Vergleich, Vienna: Verlag des ÖGB, pp. 161-189.

Utroša M. (1998) “Works councils and co-determination in Slovenia”, South- East Europe Review, Vol. 1 No. 2, pp. 23-36

ZSDSP (1999) Teorija in praksa delovanja delavskih predstavnikov v nadzornih svetih, available online here.


Spain

Barroso M. (2001) “Modelos clásicos y sistemas nuevos de participación de los trabajadores en la empresa”, Temas Laborales, No. 62, pp. 31-68

Castro Argüelles M. A. (2014) “Participación de los trabajadores en la empresa”, Revista del Ministerio de Empleo y Seguridad Social, No. 108, pp. 319-355.

Galiana Moreno J. M., García Romero B. (2003) “La participación y representación de los trabajadores en la empresa en el modelo normativo español”, Revista del Ministerio de Trabajo y Asuntos Sociales, No. 43, pp. 13-30

Landa Zapirain J.C. (2007) “Las nuevas formas de participación en la empresa”, in Ministerio de Trabajo y Asuntos Sociales (eds.) Gobierno de la empresa y participación de los trabajadores: viejas y nuevas formas institucionales, Madrid, pp. 649-707

Palomeque López M. C. (2007) “La participación de los trabajadores en la empresa (une revisión institucional)”, in Ministerio de Trabajo y Asuntos Sociales (eds.) Gobierno de la empresa y participación de los trabajadores: viejas y nuevas formas institucionales, Madrid, pp. 33-65


Sweden

Adams R. B., Licht A. N., Sagiv L. (2011) “Shareholders and Stakeholders: How do Directors Decide?”, Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 32 No. 12, pp. 1331-1355.

Berggren C. (1986) “Top management and codetermination in Swedish companies: greater union influence results in better decisions”, Economic and Industrial Democracy, Vol. 7, pp. 99-108.

Berglund T. and Holmén M. (2015) “Why employees choose to be represented on corporate boards”, paper presented at the European Financial Management Association 2015 Annual Meeting, Amsterdam (NL), 24-27 June 2015, available online here.

Berglund T., Holmén M. and Rana R. (2013) “Causes and consequences of employee representation on corporate boards”, paper presented at the conference Twenty years after Cadbury, then years after Sarbanes-Oxley: Challenges of corporate governance, Bath (UK), 24-25 June 2013, available online here.

Bruun N. (2006) “The Corporate Governance Agenda and Employee Representation on Company Boards in the EU and the Nordic Countries”, in Bercusson B. (ed.) Paths to progress. Mapping innovation on information, consultation and participation for employee involvement in corporate governance, Brussels: SDA, pp. 38-46.

Carlsson R. H. (2007) “Swedish Corporate Governance and Value Creation: owners still in the driver’s seat”, Corporate Governance: An International Review, Vol. 15 No. 6, pp. 1038-1055

Fahlbeck R. (2007) “Employee participation in Sweden”, in Jürgens U., Sadowski D., Schuppert G. F., Weiss M. (eds.) Perspektiven der Corporate Governance. Bestimmungsfaktoren unternehmerischer. Entscheidungsprozesse und Mitwirkung der Arbeitnehmer, Baden-Baden: Nomos, pp. 132-155

Habbard P. (2008) Corporate Governance in Sweden – An International Trade Union Perspective, report to the Hans Böckler Foundation, available online here.

Levinson K. (2001) “Employee representatives on company boards in Sweden”, Industrial Relations Journal, Vol. 32 No. 3, pp. 264-274

Levinson K. (2000) “Codetermination in Sweden: Myth and Reality”, Economic and Industrial Democracy, Vol. 21 No. 4, pp. 457-473

Levinson K. (1996) “Codetermination in Sweden: From Separation to Integration”, Economic and Industrial Democracy, Vol. 17 No. 1, pp. 131-142

Lundberg M. Bruun N. (2005) “Stryrelserepresentation på undantag – Corporate Governance-debattens tysta reformprogram”, Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, Vol. 11 No. 4, pp. 217-234

Movitz F. and Levinson K. (2013) “Employee board representation in the Swedish private sector”, in Sandberg Å. (ed.) Nordic lights. Work, management and welfare in Scandinavia, Stockholm: SNS förlag, pp 471-484.

Palmberg J. (2012) “The performance effect of corporate board of directors”, European Journal of Law and Economics, published online 13 December 2012

PTK (2015) Bolagsstyrelseledamot. En handbook för arbetstagarrepresentanter i bolagstyrelser, Stockholm: PTK.

Rönnmar M. (2008) “Information, Consultation and Worker Participation – An Aspect of EU Industrial Relations from the Swedish Point of View”, in Rönnmar M. (ed.) EU Industrial Relations v. National Industrial Relations. Comparative and Interdisciplinary Perspectives,Alphen aan den Rijn: Kluwer Law International, pp. 15-39

Victorin A. (2000) “Employee Participation on the Company Board: The Swedish Experience”, Paper presented at Company Law Reform in OECD Countries – A Comparative Outlook of Current Trends, 7-8 December 2000, Stockholm, available online here.

Wallenberg J. and Levinson K. (2012) “Anställdas styrelserepresentation I svenskt näringsliv. Vad har hänt mellan 1999 och 2009?”, Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, Vol. 18 No. 3, pp. 67-80.

Wheeler J. (2002) “Employee Involvement in Action: Reviewing Swedish Codetermination”, Labor Studies Journal, Vol. 26 No. 4, pp. 71-97


United Kingdom

Bank J. (1977) Worker directors speak. The British Steel corporation employee directors, Westmead: Gower Press.

Batstone E., Ferner A., Terry M. (1983) Unions on the Board. An experiment in industrial democracy, Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

Brannen P., Batstone E., Fatchett D., White P. (1976) The worker directors. A sociology of participation, London: Hutchinson.

Bullock, Lord A. (1977) Report of the committee of inquiry on industrial democracy, Cmnd 6706, London: Her Majesty’s Stationary Office.

Chell E. and Cox D. (1979) “Worker directors and collective bargaining”, Industrial Relations Journal, Vol. 10 No.3, pp. 25-31.

Davies P. (1975) “Employee representation on company boards and participation in corporate planning”, The Modern Law Review, Vol. 38 No.3, pp. 254-273.

Gold M. (2005) “Worker directors in the UK and the limits of policy transfer from Europe since the 1970s”, Historical studies in industrial relations, No. 20, pp.29-65

McGaughey E. (2014) “British Codetermination and the Churchillian Circle”, UCL Labour Right Institute Working paper No. 2/2014, available online here.

Sheridan J. (2014) Securing a decent deal for workers: employee representatives on boards, London: Centre for labour and social studies, available online here.

Williamson J., Driver C. and Kenway P. (2014) Beyond shareholder value. The reasons and choices for corporate reform, London: TUC, available online here.

Williamson J and Page T. (2015) “Workers’ voice in company decision-making”, in Bailey D., Cowling K., Tomlinson P. (eds.) New perspectives on industrial policy for a modern Britain, Oxford: Oxford university press, pp. 225-240

All Board-level Representation